Why should we store the cord - Mesenchymal Stem Cells

In addition to the cord blood hematopoietic stem cells collected immediately after birth we can also collect the umbilical cord tissue. The cord tissue and specifically the section called Wharton-Jelly is a rich source of a different category of stem cells called mesenchymal stem cells. These cells are  non-hematopoietic, have a different origin, have different properties and consequently different treatment applications.

 Mesenchymal stem cells are "strong" cells with unique characteristics. Their plasticity, in other words, their ability to "transform" into different cell groups, their immunoregulatory capability (may regulate the immune system of a recipient), as well as their immunosuppressive action, offer a vast potential of new therapeutic applications in the field of medicine.

Furthermore, the reduced margins for compatibility between donor and recipient and the fact that it seems possible to multiply mesenchymal stem cells in the laboratory, means that all members of a family could use a stored unit and that also stored units could be used in multiple applications.